What is Nightmare Disorder? Are you one of those people who dream at night or are terrified of sleep? Nightmares can steal sleep from your eyes and cause many problems in your daily life. Nightmares are disturbed dreams and dreams that cause a lot of stress and anxiety. The need to be aware of the various symptoms and causes of this disorder is to make it easier for you to get treatment. If you’re looking for more about nightmares and the reasons for it, join us in this article
What is a disturbed nightmare or dream?
In ancient legend, the nightmare meant the elephant or lilo of the sunshine that came to people at night and sought to scare them into sleep. In fact, the nightmare of seeing is one of a variety of sleep disorders, and it is a vague dream that is accompanied by negative emotions such as anxiety or fear, which wakes one up with great fear. However, there is a difference between a bad dream and a nightmare. Bad dreams usually do not cause extreme nightmares and do not wake you up. Click for more information on sleep disorders.
Although nightmares are more common in nighttime sleep, they can also occur during daytime sleep. You usually remember your nightmares vividly, because most of these nightmares quickly wake people up from sleep. Nightmare topics are usually past unpleasant events or things that threaten your health. One of the main causes of disturbed sleep is due to traumatic disorders.
Symptoms of nightmare disorder
Nightmares are more likely to occur in the second half of the night. Turbulent dreaming may occur rarely or several times during the night. The nightmare is short but it can wake you up and make it difficult to get back to sleep. A bad dream may include these features:
- Your dream seems alive and well and it is very sad.
- Your dream story is usually about your health and safety, but it can also have other ambiguous issues.
- This dream wakes you up.
- Dreaming can lead to your fear, anxiety, anger, discomfort or distress.
- You can clearly remember your dream and remember its details.
Diagnostic criteria for nightmare disorder
Seeing a bad dream is considered a disorder if it has the following conditions:
- Nightmares, long and extremely distressing that are repeated many times, leading to constant anxiety or fear of the person and to be well remembered.
- After waking up from disturbing dreams, one’s senses return to their place very soon.
- Daytime sleepiness, fatigue or low energy
- Creates problems at work, school or in social situations.
Causes of a disturbed dream and dream
Nightmares can be caused by many factors, including:
- Stress or anxiety caused by the stresses of everyday life, such as a problem at home or at school, can cause nightmares. A major change in life, such as moving to another country or dying a loved one, can have a similar effect.
- People usually have nightmares after suffering traumas such as an accident, injury, physical or sexual abuse or other traumatic event. Nightmares are common in people with traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Click for more information on traumatic stress disorder.
- Making major changes to one’s sleep schedule, such as sleep deprivation or interrupting or decreasing sleep, can increase the risk of nightmares.
- A group of medications, including certain antidepressants, can cause nightmares. Click here for information on antidepressants.
- Alcohol or drug abuse can cause nightmares. We suggest reading the article for better understanding.
- Other disorders such as depression and other psychological disorders may be associated with nightmares.
- Nightmares can occur with some medical conditions such as heart disease or cancer.
- For some people, reading scary books and watching scary movies, especially before bedtime, can lead to nightmares of seeing them.
Outbreaks of nightmares
Nightmares can start in children aged 3 to 6 years and decline after age 10. During adolescence and adolescence, girls seem to have more nightmares than boys. Although in adulthood, the likelihood of seeing nightmares is greatly reduced, some adults may have disturbed dreams or experience them throughout their lives.
Consequences of seeing troubled dreams
Nightmares can lead to problems in one’s life:
- The nightmare of seeing prevents one from getting comfortable and sufficient sleep throughout the night and can lead to fatigue and drowsiness during the day. This drowsiness can lead to problems at school or work, or the person may have difficulty in their daily tasks such as driving and concentrating.
- Continuing to find the nightmares that afflict the person can cause mental and psychological problems such as depression and anxiety disorder. You need to get acquainted with the symptoms of these disorders in order to treat them as soon as possible.
- One fears that if he / she wishes to see the nightmare again, he / she therefore refuses to go to bed.
- A person develops suicidal thoughts or attempts at suicide. We suggest reading the article Suicide.
Treatment of nightmare disorder
The treatment of nightmares is essential because, as we have said, it can cause many problems in people’s sleep, especially for children. If the nightmare causes discomfort or disruption to one’s sleep or interferes with one’s daily functioning, treatment can prevent further problems. In the treatment of nightmares, one must first discover the underlying cause. The treatment options that are used include:
Medical and pharmaceutical treatment
If nightmares are associated with a medical condition, the major medical problem must be treated to eliminate one’s nightmares. Medical conditions may be associated with physical illnesses. Drug therapy is rarely used to treat nightmare. The drug may be used to relieve other comorbid disorders, such as depression or post-traumatic stress disorder, to reduce individual nightmares. One of the drugs prescribed for the treatment of nightmare disorder is called prasosin and is often effective for recurrent and chronic nightmares.
Treating nightmares by reducing stress and anxiety
If severe stress and anxiety can lead to nightmares and disturbed dreams, therapeutic methods of anxiety and stress management should be used. Many stresses and anxieties cannot be controlled by the individual himself or on the other hand, causing a great deal of damage to one’s psyche. This is why you need to get help with stress management
In the process of psychotherapy, the psychologist asks the person to describe their nightmares and their details. This is done in multiple sessions on a regular basis. The person also explains to the counselor the problems and disorders that result from nightmares.
Treatment of nightmares in a simple way
This treatment is a kind of mental imagery and has three stages. While it may seem simple to do, it does have a significant effect on reducing your nightmares; most people who have used it have achieved good results. You can do this on your own. But for people with post-traumatic stress disorder, it is recommended to have a specialist and a psychologist on their side for more impact. The steps to do this are as follows:
- Remember the last nightmare you’ve ever seen; if you find it difficult to remember, you can have another nightmare in mind.
- Try to visualize your nightmare in another way and change its course. Apply these changes any way you like and in a positive way.
- Set aside time every day; close your eyes, sit down or sleep in whatever you like and review the altered version of your nightmare. The stronger your imagination and imagination, the better and faster the treatment is.