Vaginal infection is one of the diseases that endanger the sexual health of many couples. The health and well-being of the reproductive organs requires special attention and care. The vagina is a predisposing environment for infections that can be prevented with hygiene. Vaginitis is present in most women with different symptoms. Vaginal infection has three different types of bacterial, fungal and parasitic. The cause and treatment of vaginal infection vary depending on the type.
Vaginal infection or vaginitis is actually vaginal inflammation, which shows discharge, itching and pain. The disease is common and most women experience it several times in their lifetime. Vaginitis is one of the sexual problems of women that results in sexual misconduct or other sexual disorders if not followed up and treated.
Types of vaginal infection
The most common forms of vaginitis include:
- Bacterial infection
- fungal infection
- Parasitic infection
Symptoms of vaginal infection
Vaginal infection will show different symptoms depending on its type. But its general symptoms include:
- Change the color, odor or amount of vaginal discharge
- Vaginal itching and discomfort in this area
- Pain when entering
- Pain when urinating
- Poor vaginal bleeding
Symptoms of bacterial infection
In a bacterial infection, the vaginal secretions become white-gray and have an unpleasant odor. Usually it smells like fish; it feels more after sex.
Symptoms of Yeast Infection
The main symptom is itchy fungal infection. But some people also experience thick, white discharge, which sometimes resembles cheese.
Symptoms of Parasitic Infection
A parasitic infection usually manifests itself in green or yellow discharge, sometimes accompanied by bubbles at its surface. Bubble discharges appear foamy.
Causes of Vaginal Infection
The cause of vaginitis depends on the type of infection. Below we explain the causes depending on the type.
Cause of bacterial infection
Bacterial infection, the most common form of vaginitis, is caused by changes in normal bacteria that normally occur in the vagina. During infection, the number of these normal bacteria increases and the number of bacteria that have a protective function in the vagina decreases. In fact, the balance between them disappears.
This form of infection is usually associated with sexual intercourse. Especially if one has multiple partners or a new partner recently. It should be noted that bacterial infection also occurs in sexually inactive people.
Cause of fungal infection
Fungal infection is caused by the overgrowth of fungal organisms in moist areas of the body. One of the humid areas is the vagina, which, due to its moisture, heat, and darkness, is a good environment for growing mushrooms.
The cause of parasitic infection
Parasitic infection is caused by the growth of a single-celled organism in the vagina. In fact, the parasite is transmitted during sex or can enter the body through infected environments. For example, the pool is a good environment for transporting it.
Risk factors for causing vaginal infection
Factors that increase the risk of vaginal infection include:
- Hormonal changes associated with pregnancy, birth control pills or menopause
- Sexual activity
- Pharmaceutical treatments such as antibiotics and steroids
- Use spermicide spray for contraception
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Use sanitary equipment such as vaginal spray or vaginal deodorants
- Vaginal Shower
- Vaginal wash with soap and shampoo
- Tights with inferior yarn
- Using IUD as a contraceptive method
Ways to Prevent Vaginitis
The following are helpful in preventing vaginal infection:
- Avoid public places where you are unsure of your health. Such as hot springs, bathtubs and pools.
- Avoid things that could potentially be allergic. For example, using scented pads and pads, tampons, inappropriate underwear, and more.
- Clean yourself in the back from the front while you wash after a wash.
- Do not clean your vagina with soap, shampoo, and other alkalis. This disrupts the alkaline acid balance of the vagina and makes the person susceptible to infection.
What are the normal symptoms?
The vagina normally has almost colorless discharge. In fact, vaginal discharge by itself is not a sign of infection. These discharges are of no concern if they are normal and, as said, colorless and odorless. The amount of discharge varies depending on the menstrual cycle of each woman. Some days it is higher and some days less. But in general, when the amount, color and odor vary, you should see your doctor.
Treatment of vaginitis
You need to consult a specialist to treat vaginal infection. It is advisable to see a gynecologist to improve your medication as soon as possible. The more time passes, the more severe your symptoms may become and the more you will be hurt.
Drug treatment is the first line of treatment that your doctor or pharmacist can help you with. There are also some home remedies that should be done with sex counseling.